So, one of the very common practices as pet owners or as any cat lovers is to feed the cats what the humans are eating. So, sometimes this is okay – but, most of the time, you are feeding the cats things that you should not be feeding the cats. So, firstly is bones. Chicken bones, fish bones… A lot of people give their food scraps including these bones to the cats. And because they see the cats enjoying eating those meals, they’d think “Oh, it’s okay. My cats like to eat bones,”. But, this is actually very harmful to the cats. You’d think the cat is okay because it’s showing appetite, but that’s only because the smell from the fish or the chicken is very strong so that the cat perceive it as delicious and as edible. It doesn’t mean that the food is safe for them. So, just like humans, we are able to eat things that smell good even though it may not be good for us. But, we have self-control. If you give these to the cats, there’s a very high chance that they would not have this self-control and they would just eat it. So one of the problems is when these cats start to consume bones. These bones would not be digested in their body especially if it’s the part that is very thick or if the part that is very sharp. Once these cats bite these bones into swallow-able sizes, and then they swallow these bones, it can actually puncture and cause perforation (hole / holes made by piercing) in their gastrointestinal lining. So, this includes their stomach, their intestine… So, once their intestine is perforated then you (cat) will get infection, you (cat) will get a lot of diseases and the cat will be dead. So, secondly is rice. A lot of people feed their cats rice because they’d say it’s more fulfilling and they’d say it’s okay their cats like to eat rice. Commonly, cats don’t really eat rice on it’s own, so people would mix them with fish or chicken – again, to give it that smell. So, just because the rice smells like fish, you’re basically tricking your cat that it’s eating fish. So, the reason why cats cannot eat rice is because cats are one of the species that are known as “obligate carnivores”. This means that their diet needs to be rich in protein. In fact, cats don’t actually have salivary amylase. The fact that they don’t have salivary amylase means they’re anatomically built to NOT digest carbohydrates such as rice. So, when you feed them rice, it will give them indigestion, it will give them problems, and it will cause a lot of metabolic diseases. Symptoms such as hair fall and also unkempt coat. Not only is their hair is falling, but if the cat does not feel well, they will not groom themselves. So, that is one of the signs how you’d know if your cat is feeling well is to look at their coat. Let’s say you feed your cat rice and it’s experiencing indigestion through stomach ache. It would not be grooming it’s coat and that’s also one of the reasons why you’d see their hair becoming not pretty or falling apart. So, thirdly is Panadol. Sometimes you’d see people recommending you giving Panadol to your cats if they’re feverish. So, Panadol, or Paracetamol, or known as Acetaminophen, is the common drug used to treat fever or pyrexia (increased body temperature; fever) in humans. Firstly, cat’s normal body temperature is 38ºC to 39ºC, which is slightly higher than human’s. I would say it’s kind of hard for you to gauge whether your cat is feverish or whether it’s just exhibiting a slightly higher body temperature compared to human’s and it’s not actually feverish. Some people would say, “Oh, my cat is having a fever because it’s sneezing / coughing”. While it’s common to have fever and cough and mucus when you are having an infection or anything, it does not necessarily means your cat is feverish. Even if you’re sure that your cats are having a fever, you are not supposed to give them Acetaminophen. Their liver cannot metabolise this drug. As humans, our liver is different from the cats’. So, our liver can metabolise Acetaminophen and it can show its effect by reducing your temperature. But for cats, it will cause toxicity. It’s very toxic to the fact that the onset (beginning) of the symptom can be shown as early as 1 to 4 hours. So, your cats will experience ragged breathing, increased heart-rate, and in some cases swelling will occur on their palms and their digits. And within 1 to 4 hours, if you do not take them to the vet, they can basically die because their systems are already experiencing toxicity. So, within 1 to 4 hours, you want to avoid this, just don’t feed Paracetamol to your cats.