Prevent fruit tree insects and disease|John Dromgoole|Central Texas Gardener


Hello gardening friends, welcome to backyard
basics. So you put in some fruit trees. Whether it was this year or previous years, there’s
some maintenance of the fruit trees. One of the things that’s really important is every
year to pick up the fallen leaves. They may have a disease or insect on them and especially
the fallen fruit. This is really important. This will control insect eggs, sprayed with
a horticulture oil, hibernating insects are also in there, so we need to spray them. And
then there’s these diseases. Like you said, the bacterial diseases, the fungal diseases,
the fungal diseases are leaf curl and brown rot on the fruit, this can ruin the crop really,
and so the other one is the bacterial diseases, they cause things like bacterial canker. This
is really damaging to the plant and sometimes you just have to cut the branches off without
being able to treat them. But you can prevent it. And so sometimes before, sometimes after
the pruning, you can do these kinds of sprays, it’s up to you really. Some of the types of
products that we would be using would be a mineral oil, this is one of the traditional
ones, and here’s this one right here, All Seasons, very popular, and the mineral oil,
minosocapate, this is another one that is traditional and that sulfur, the wettable
sulfur is the one we’re going to be using. Now the wettable sulfur is easy to use, and
once again manages the diseases and some of the insects much of the time. And so this
is another one. These are two effective ones, if you’re figuring out what works, those are
two of them. Some of the Miller products though that help us control disease are these two
right here. One of them is called Actinivate and this is a very good one, it’s used to
spray the branches, and get real good control of some of the diseases. This is that important
step you need to take to get your crops, you can’t just put these plants out there and
ignore them. Another one is this Serenade right here. This is a good one for fungal
problems and bacterial. It’s all about prevention really. And so we have another one right here
that’s multipurpose, it’s called Organicide, these things are widely available too, it’s
not like you had to go to a specialty store, I like independent groceries though. And so
this one will control insects and disease and it’s a Midicide too, you know, make it
simple and get something like that. So you’ll be spraying during the dormant period when
the leaves aren’t there, you’ve already cleaned up the fruits around the trees, and then you
have the leaves, and then you’ll start the spray program. You know there’s another insect
that we have to deal with, and that is the plum Kerculio. This is a big problem. For
gardeners that are growing plums, actually, and some of the peaches around here, that’s
the little worm that’s inside. This beetle comes along and with it’s long snout, will
open it up, lay it’s eggs in there, and it does this immediately after the flowers fall
off. And so there’s this little fruit there and that’s when you need to start spraying.
One of the things that’s very effective is clay. The cale and clay is very good, it’s
a registered product and widely used, and I know from the University research that they’re
giving about 78% control. That’s really nice. Beneficial nematodes in the soil, that’s where
these plum Kerculios are, so you may as well knock them down right there too, if you don’t,
in a few weeks, maybe a month or so, here they come again, right back on the fruit where
you tried to eliminate them, so by spraying the ground with the nematodes, you get excellent
control, and these are the devices that make it easy. If you only have one tree or so,
then this hand sprayer is a very good one. If you’ve got several to do, and you can put
the nematodes out for the two, these little pump sprayers are excellent. And for big areas,
then this diala(?) spray is a very good one too. So you can see we need to manage our
trees and we have plenty of equipment to do it with. So if you’re a new gardener, remember
that. For Backyard Basics, I’m John Dromgoole. See you next time.

3 thoughts on “Prevent fruit tree insects and disease|John Dromgoole|Central Texas Gardener

  1. there is a ban on all those products you have mentioned here? tell me something new? please tell me what to do with since i can buy none of those products.

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