Ocean Camouflage and Color | JONATHAN BIRD’S BLUE WORLD

Don’t go away! Jonathan is about to find some of the most amazingly camouflaged animals in the sea! Hi, I’m Jonathan Bird and
welcome to my World! ( music ♪ ) On a reef in the Pacific, a
group of Yellowtailed Blue Damselfish hide near the
coral, ready to duck into a hole at
any moment.Between them all,
watching and not moving a muscle, is a
scorpionfish. His perfect camouflage is the
result of skin that can change color to match the
surroundings. The only thing that gives him
away is the slight movement of his gills as he breathes. He is watching the damselfish. They’re blissfully unaware of
his presence. Soon a Damselfish comes too
close. The scorpionfish is so
confident in its camouflage
that almost nothing can frighten it.Many
animals in the ocean rely upon camouflage to hunt
their prey, or to avoid being eaten. The crocodile fish is so
well camouflaged that divers rarely notice them. Even its eye has camouflage
because a round, black pupil
would give it away. Like the crocodilefish, the
frogfish is an ambush predator that
hides using camouflage to look like a sponge with algae
growing on it. It doesn’t swim very much. Instead, it walks on its
foot-like fins. It moves slowly so it doesn’t
give itself away. The frogfish is watching a group of tiny Anthias,
waiting for one to come close
enough to eat. The frogfish hasn’t eaten in days. But no matter
how hungry she is, she must wait patiently for
prey to come to her. She watches…and waits. It may be hours before she gets
a meal. Later, as the sun sets, she is still
waiting in the shadows, practically invisible to the
Anthias. A frogfish has the fastest
mouth on the reef. It can open its mouth so fast
that it slurps up a fish in less than 1/60th
of a second. That’s literally the blink of
an eye. Even in slow motion, the gulp
is barely visible. Her camouflage has really paid
off. Although sometimes camouflage
is about blending into the bottom, other times a
creature evolves into the bottom, other times a
creature evolves to mimic another creature. This is
called mimicry. Come check out
this fish! On an Indonesian reef, I find a beautiful pink sea fan. At
first glance, you would never suspect that it
has tiny inhabitants. But closer inspection reveals a
sea horse, no larger than my fingernail. It’s a pygmy sea horse. The
color and knobby bumps on the
pygmy sea horse’s skin perfectly mimic the
appearance of the sea fan where
it lives– a classic example of mimicry. They are only visible if they
move. These animals live their entire lives in
safety because they are nearly
invisible to predators, and they never
have to leave the safety of the
sea fan because they feed on plankton drifting
right by their home. Out on the sand away from the
reef, a pair of what are apparently leaves
drift down-current. But upon closer inspection,
they are not leaves at all—they just
look like them. They’re Robust Ghost pipefish, mimicking harmless
drifting leaves so they can float up, and pluck
shrimp from the bottom. The Robust ghost pipefish almost perfectly mimics a piece
of eelgrass. Its relative, the Ornate Ghost pipefish, has taken a
different approach to
camouflage. It mimics the appearance of a
harmless and not very tasty, feather
star. This fish is a poor swimmer,
but it doesn’t have to swim well because potential predators
just don’t see it. The sandy sea floor has a
surprising number of animals that hide by
blending in, and few do it as well as the
flounder. Except for its
breathing, this flat fish is nearly
invisible. With a quick rippling of its
body, this founder puts a thin layer of sand over
itself—and vanishes. Of course, blending into the bottom is one thing, but
what about animals that live up
in the water column? Can they be camouflaged too?
Absolutely. Many open ocean fish are
silvery in color. Why? So they reflect the color
of the water around them. It doesn’t make them invisible, but a lot harder to see,
especially from further away. Many sharks have a form of
camouflage known as
countershading. The underside of a shark is
white while the top of the shark is
darker. When seen from below, the shark’s lighter coloring
underneath helps it blend in
with the lighter water above. When viewed from above, the darker dorsal surface of
the shark makes it blend into
the darker water below. Pretty clever, huh? Some animals have coloration
that makes them stand out
instead of blend in. For many fish, the brighter the
coloration, the easier it is to attract a mate. And it
would seem that finding a mate is more
important for these King
Angelfish than avoiding
predators. A Regal Angelfish takes this
coloration to an extreme. This fish wants to be noticed! This long-nosed butterfly fish
has a clever adaptation of color to help
confuse predators. There’s a black dot at the base
of its tail called a false eye
spot. Its real eye is obscured by
dark coloration running right through it. This
is meant to confuse predators. The nudibranch, also called a
sea slug, has bright coloration
that scientists call aposematic. These animals are basically
snails without a shell. They might look like a tasty
and defenseless little snack for a passing fish, but
in fact many nudibranchs secrete a toxic acid that makes them
inedible to virtually anything on the reef. Its bright
aposematic coloration is a warning to potential
predators that says, I don’t
taste good! Perhaps the most incredible coloration possessed by a sea
creature is that of the octopus. An octopus can change colors! This octopus is moving from
reef to rubble to sand. It changes color and skin
patterns as it goes to blend in! ( music ♪ ) There are almost as many
camouflage and color schemes in the ocean as there are fish
in the sea. I’m always amazed by the things I observe
in the Blue World, and
fortunately, I get to see this stuff even
though I’m not very camouflaged
at all! ( music ♪ )

71 thoughts on “Ocean Camouflage and Color | JONATHAN BIRD’S BLUE WORLD

  1. Have you ever thought about trying to partner with a tv broadcasting company and put your show on air, or do you like keeping it as a webseries ?

  2. How do you even see those creatures?? I couldn't find the sea horse for a minute before the clip showed the movement. XD

  3. It's cool that I've been watching this when I was a kid to now and every time I go to bad I always used to say I'm gonna meet BlueWoldTV and now I'm trying my Goal and watching him from old to new I will try!

  4. Hey Jonathan! I saw some of your videos where you went to the St. Lawrence river. You should totally come to Waddington New York because I live very close to there and it's the carp capital of the world! This year will be my fourth year participating in the St. Lawrence International Junior carp tournament. It takes place on the 26th and 27th of August this year and I really would love it if you could make it! Hope to see you there!

  5. Hey jonathan you have to come and dive at my hometown! cabo san lucas ill b glad to guide you :), we have the sandfall waterfalls dicoverded by jacques cousteau, ps i love your show

  6. Have you heard of the Brave Wilderness channel? He's more of a terrestrial guy, but you should look into doing a video with him. He had the same amount of subs you do right now just a several months ago and now he has 700k subs. I'm sure all his subs will appreciate your videos and vice versa. Lots of Youtubers were put on a road to millions of subs by just being promoted by the right channels.

    Personally I think that Youtube should have a 'Wilderness Month' to promote channels like yours. You guys spend thousands of dollars on videos to educate and captivate viewers while the people with most subs use a $100 webcam to ramble on about nothing important, so I would think you guys should deserve that. In the meantime, I'll buy some stuff from your shop to help you out. Cheers.

  7. Hi Jonathan, on which part of Indonesian reef did you find that pygmy seahorse? I'm planning to make my diving license in Indonesia soon 😀

  8. Fantastic stuff! Thank you for sharing so many kinds of animals and their ability to camouflage. Discovery Channel should hire you! ❤️

  9. You are the best of the best you are ready for Hollywood or discovery Channel. I mean your videos are better than the most of the popular TV shows!!! And I couldn't understand why so many people subscribed to your channel. More marketing of your channel is important not because of the status but to show people how important and beautiful our blue world is and that's not dangerous at all with a little practice and a correct behavior. I learn so much here!!!!! Thank you a lot

  10. 4:50 I literally thought those were leaves foating by! Never knew such kind of thin fish exist! Thanks for introducing me to one. Also, I think the seahorses are interesting. I am looking forward to an episode about seahorses/orcas?

  11. Really love the wonderful camouflages! Speaking about flounders, will you make an episode about halibut? I always wanted to see one in the wild

  12. Yaiy!!! You mentioned my countershading!!! Sharky xxx… Also some pretty sneaky sea mals!!! And some beautiful ones. Also noted the warning-sign culture is in effect at sea as well as on land.

  13. I love your channel ❤️??❤️❤️ and I'm looking forward to another interesting stories…

  14. # I love all your videos #, I've learned different things about ocean creatures that I've never knew or have even heard of certain creatures. It'd be even cooler when you get your own television show. My daughter enjoys your videos as well. Keep doing what you do your amazing at doing what you do and very intelligent. I'll never stop watching. ?????✨???✌️✊????????????

  15. Can you make an episode about fishes that kept as pet, I just discovered your channel yesterday and now I'm having a streaming marathon of your videos?

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