New Maine Farmers: What is Integrated Pest Management?

[intro music] Jim Dill: Hi, I’m Jim Dill. I’m the pest management
specialist at the University of Maine Cooperative Extension out of Orono, Maine. Today I’d like
to talk to you briefly about Integrated Pest Management, or IPM as it’s commonly known. IPM is basically taking everything that you
can think of that will interfere with a pest’s lifecycle to help to reduce or suppress those
individuals that are doing the harm. It may be anywhere from planting resistant varieties,
to cultivation, sanitation, which is a critical one. And of course, one of the big things
that we want to talk about is pesticides. Pesticides are used in an organic system.
We will take and put these together in a system that actually takes and does everything that
we can to control or mitigate a pest population. Once we have done that, we will move on to
other pests throughout the field, or whatever we have to do. Record keeping is also a very important part
of pest management. That way, keeping records from year to year will help you with what
you need to do in following years. What we’re trying to do is put into play various
mechanisms that are economically feasible. A lot of times we can control a pest by putting
in some elaborate system which could cost hundreds and hundreds of dollars per acre,
which doesn’t do us any good. So we’re trying to make sure that whatever we do is economically
sound. And as well as economically sound, we want
to make sure that it’s environmentally sound. Whatever we do, we try to have a minimum amount
of impact on the environment. [outro music]

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