How to Identify & Control Common Garden Pests by Leaf Signatures

Hello Friends! Todays Episode is really really useful for
all plant lovers because today we will look into the leaf signatures of the common pests
and insects to identify them and take the necessary steps to eradicate those culprits
from the garden. Coming up. If you are interested in gardening, please
take a moment to click the subscribe button and also the bell icon next to it to get notified
whenever I add another useful episode. Well, How would you feel, when oneday on your
early morning garden inspection you find part of your garden disappeared while you slept,
or realize your flower buds are torn apart and very badly damaged? I am sure after seeing this damage, Your first
instinct is likely to spray some powerful chemical pesticide all over your plants to
kill those culprits without even investigating further. This is not a right decision. Please Spend a little time to find out what’s
eating your plants and then take necessary action particularly prescribed for that pest
or insect. Yes, Today we will look into Identifying those
common pests by scanning their leaf signatures, thats the leaf damage pattern they leave after
feeding on your plants. So lets begin. 1. Chewed Leaves or Slime Trails: If you see
irregular-shaped holes in the leaf (but not along the edges) and if you see slime trails
or lines, then most likely the Culprits are Slugs and Snails. So Whats the Solution? There are lot of remedies for slugs and snails
but Beer Trap is the most effective one considered by many. Pour some beer in a saucer and leave it overnight. This attracts and kills these creatures. Well now moving on to the next similar signature. 2. Chewed Leaves along the edges: Leaf cutting
bees are the culprits. So whats the solution? Generally unless its too extensive damage,
you need not take any step to kill or drive away these bees, because they are beneficial
insects and required for pollination in your garden. 3. Chewed Leaves with central holes in between
veins, like Skeletonised leaves. The culprit here is Caterpillars if larger
holes, then the other insects which can cause this pattern are Beetles, Earwigs and Saw
flies. So whats the remedy. For caterpillars, hand pick and eliminate
them including their eggs from the leaves. After doing this apply a neem oil + soap solution
weekly twice. 10 ml neem oil + 10 drops or 10 ml of liquid
soap or shampoo and spray it thoroughly including the undersides of the leaves. 4. Discolored Leaves + Sucking Damage: This is
commonly caused by Thrips and Spider Mites, common thrips are the Cuban Laurel Thrips. As you can see here, the leaf is discoloured
and then folded onto itself to form a pouch or cover these creatures and its eggs. If left untreated, these thrips will multiply
drastically and can cause a considerable damage to your plant. So Whats the solution? You can use the same Neem oil + soap spray
weekly twice or can add another oil like clove oil or eucalyptus oil if they are too extensive. If they still persist, then go for a chemical
sprays like those containing Imidacloprid as the last resort. If you still want organic solution like me,
consider another option called diatomaceous earth (DE). 5. Zig zag leaf mining Pattern: Obviously these
are called Leaf miners. Leafminers are very tiny larvae of a variety
of insects like flies, moths and beetles. Leafminers do not actually cause major injury
to the infested plant, but rather give an unattractive look to the plant. This mining pattern of zig zag lines on the
leaves are produced as these tiny larvae burry and eat along the infested leaves. If you want to control these, Neem oil is
the best solution. You can watch my detailed video on leaf miners
and its remedies from an end screen link after this video. You can also find links to all related videos
on pest control from the description below. Well now moving on to the next culprit. 6. Sucking Damage and Deformed Leaves and Leaf
Curls: Common Sucking pests are Aphids, Whiteflies and Mealy Bugs. The mealy bugs are very common and are found
sucking the new growth and tips. Infact, Mealybugs as well as Aphids have a
symbiotic relationship with Ants which protect these pests from predators and also carry
them to the plants. The Ants in turn get the honeydew sugars excreted
out of their anus as their gift. So, Whats the Solution? I have been using the Magic organic mix containing
multiple ingredients along with neem oil to control these. But they need a weekly spray with this solution
depending on the severity. There are lot of solutions to these pests
including alcohol based sprays, neem oil and many others. Please check a video on this topic from and
end screen link or from the description link. 7. Leaf Galls or Leaf Bumps: This is a strange
and rare pattern which presents as tumour like boils on the leaf surface. This is considered to be due to irritation
or stimulation of plant cells due to feeding or egg-laying by insects such as aphids, wasps
and mites. So there we have it folks, Please Click a
Thumbs up if you liked the video and also please comment below with your feedback and
also share this video with your other gardening friends. Consider subscribing if you are new to the
channel. Happy Gardening!

59 thoughts on “How to Identify & Control Common Garden Pests by Leaf Signatures

  1. I usually see those chewed leaves at the edges. But I dont see bees that often so Im guessing that birds do that on my roof garden since i notice most of them.

  2. Hello DR. Very Informative and most effective solutions in ur Video
    Thanks for sharing ur Excellent Research and efforts.

  3. Timely video sir. I just started my own gardening and so annoyed that every morning my plants have been eaten/chewed by insects I am looking for remedies to it and what to use organic pesticides on my plants

  4. Can you please use teaspoon or tablespoon measurements when giving amounts of Neem oil . I am not familiar with ml? I very much enjoy your videos. Very informative.

  5. Thank you very much for a great video on a horrible topic! I hate some bugs. I appreciate your tips & information. Thanks again! ??

  6. Lovely video. I really like the fact that you showed us every pest and how it damages the leaves. It was extremely informative .

  7. I can observe small white colour tetmites/ants in my dianthus flower pot. How to get rid of these ants? Also how to get rid of nematode worms from soil.

  8. I just used to pick leaf miners with a small needle or stem like coconut stick. It will expose the leaf miners and i will just kill them. And spray neem oil.

  9. I planted the seeds of the plant and did not appear on the surface of the soil from the day that I planted the seeds, which was about 12 December as well as watercress and other plants such as parsley, tomatoes, pepper, lettuce and cucumber there is no other than white radish, it grows and the real paper appears in it,
    The soil in which it was planted is mud and camphost height or depth of about 15 cm and irrigation water is suitable for drinking, and I said that there can be problems in the water and began to narrate the air-conditioning water that comes down from it when it is running
    I do not know the real problem with me Is it optional for the wrong timing of planting or the quality of the seed is not good, although it is new and soon bought as well as irrigation I get irrigation when I see that the earth dried out of the water completely where I feel lightly with your sprinkler irrigation.
     The green leaf grows daily, and the garlic plant grows very well every day. Also, the plant is a month old, the tree is five to six months old, and about five plants are from cactus. The aloe vera are all excellent.
     As well as Kusah it is small and have two cards and I am waiting to grow it too.
    But the real problem in the rest of the plants that I mentioned to you do not know the real problem behind the delay and non – appearance if there is a possibility to guide me and give me a solution I will be very thankful to you, where I am the first time in my life Implant and I love agriculture too, as well as the green color of planting it very beautiful. Thanks for your time reading my message

  10. I have a aloe vera plant. Their leaves are becoming red here and there and also become like a bit of curl. So I want solution. Please tell me????

  11. Thx. I have an aphid infestation. I'm going to try baiting the ants. Also, sometimes I watch just because I love your accent. ?

  12. Something eats my little citrus tree leaves around the edges if it's the bees or something else please tell me what to do

  13. Sir i have problem no.2… every morning a large number of leafs from every pot are eaten broadly from edges.. i thought this would stop…but now my plants have only few leafs left…please help…what should i do

  14. Thanks for the info!! finally know what to do, Im going to buy neem oil demn insects xD ate my oregano in 1 day

  15. It looks easy but spider mites and thrips inside folded leaves white flies will just keep coming back.
    What do I do?
    Just a nightmare!

  16. I found a natural oil product called FOODIE HANDZ by Mold Monster Productions…it has WITCH HAZEL, TEA TREE OIL and PEPPERMINT OIL..I put 7 drops of this product into a 12 oz bottle and spray all over the plant including under the leaves and around the bottom dirt area…I dont have critters yet, but am doing this way ahead of their arrival. (critters killed almost all my Red Cranberry Hibiscus last year) I also placed ant traps of sugar, 5 tbsp, and BORAX, 1 tbsp, for ants to eat and then explode. I've tried spraying it on a corner grass area and boy did all the bugs take off…some even died on the spot!! Today, I hit the ant hills on my lawn…???

  17. Do you have any pointers about citrus psyllids…I have a citrus psyllid nymphs on my curry leaf plant and can't seem to find anything that works. Any help would be great

  18. Love all your videos as they are useful..
    I need a solution as I don't got Neem oil.. What shall I use instead of it??

  19. This was excellent and clear. I would like to know when and how to spray – how to apply these solutions. The instructions on packages are rarely adequate. I tried to apply something recommended (from another source – a soap spray) to my large sunflower garden, which is being chewed, and I think the stuff is responsible for making marks on the plants leaves. I hope it hasn't caused additional problems. Do you have more information about how to apply these sprays, times of day, does weather or sunlight matter as to when to apply the stuff, etc.??

  20. Controlling pests is pretty east once you learn what they are and how to eradicate them.(vids like these etc.) But the SQUASH VINE BORE is STILL one heck of a pest no matter what.

  21. Im at a total loss. I planted cantaloupe and cucumbers 2 wks ago. They came up beautifully. Then one stem died off, the next day another and so on. What eats just the stems? I spread DE on all the plants, they just laughed at me and kept chewing. Please help. The leaves looks fine, its eating just the stems. Thank u

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