How To Identify And Control Garden Pests On Squash And Beans

[MUSIC PLAYING] – Hello. I’m John White. Today we’re going to be
talking about some garden pest problems, and looking at some
of the damage that pests do. And one of the things that’s
real common in summer gardens is squash. And unfortunately, one of the
major insect problems on squash is the squash bug. Matter of fact, it’s so
prevalent that a lot of people think the seed comes
with the squash bug eggs. But the first thing we want
to do is inspect the plant. So we want to check the
foliage, both the underside and upper side of the leaves. If we see any signs of
little hard, brown eggs on either the underside or
the above part of the leaf– it can be on the
stalks, maybe even find it down close
to the ground, so you want to do a real
thorough inspection. If you can find where
those eggs are being laid, and either get that
piece of leaf torn off, or be able to remove that
stem that the eggs are on, you’re way ahead of the
game, because that’s taking care of the squash before
it even shows up, so we’re getting rid of it that way. If you don’t catch
them early enough, then they will go into the
nymph stage, where they’re just the young, as
newly hatched, they will crawl out and be
crawling all over the plant. If you are going to use an
insecticide, whether it’s organic or inorganic,
that is a good time to use the insecticide,
because the young are much easier to kill
off than the older adults. And then of course, the
adults are a brownish color. They avoid sunlight,
so a lot of times you will not see
them because they’ll be hiding on the
underside of leaves, or they’ll be on the
back side of the stem when you’re trying to find them. So one of the ways to keep
squash bug off, of course, is to get a lot of
sunlight reflected. People have used
aluminum foil mulch to get the light to
bounce back and catch some of the undersides
of leaves, and that does help as the
plant’s young, but as it gets older and
overgrows the foil, then the squash bug
does move back in. So you want to be
careful with that. But there are some
insecticides that are labeled. You want to be careful because
the squash plant is insect pollinated. So if you’re using a
lot of insecticide that are dangerous to bees
and pollinating insects, you will kill off
your insects that are helping you produce your crop. So you want to be
careful on that. Other problems that we have
in this particular garden, we’ve had a lot of
striped cucumber beetle– or excuse me– spotted
cucumber beetle. And it’s been hitting the
squash over here on the beans. We can see that there’s
a lot of damage that’s been done to the foliage. We can see all the
holes in the foliage, and you see the cucumber beetles
just flying all over the place. And that is a spotted
cucumber beetle. It is a foliage-eating
insect, so it will do quite a bit of damage
to the foliage on your plants. And again, there are several
different insecticides, both organic and inorganic,
that you can use. Make sure they are labeled
on that particular crop that you’re using, and that
you make sure that you follow the directions on the
container before you put it on the product. We also have an insect
called a flea beetle, and this is a little tiny
metallic, blue, black beetle. It’s also foliage
eater, and it likes to hit eggplant,
sometimes your peppers, and you’ll, a lot of times,
find it on some of your weeds. And it chews little tiny
holes into the leaves. And again, that insect
needs to be controlled. It will do quite a bit
of damage to the foliage on your vegetable plant. So we want to get
those taken care of. And last but not least,
with the dry weather that we’ve been having in the
southern part of the state, is grasshoppers. And as a lot of our foliage
on the range land and maces has began to dry
off with the heat, those insects have
moved in to where they can find greener
pastures, and a lot of times, it’s your yard that that’s
the green part on it. So we want to identify
these insects. Be sure you know what is
harmful insect and what is not, and be able to get
those controlled and get them taken care
of before you have damage done to your particular crop. So it’s important to
identify the pest, and you can contact your
county extension office, get that sample taken in, get
it identified so that you’re not killing off beneficial insects. Determine what kind of control
strategy you’re going to use. If it’s a chemical
strategy, you want to make sure that
you read the label, read the directions carefully
and thoroughly, and make sure that it can be used on
that particular crop and you wait the recommended
amount of time before harvest. So that is real important. So again, just get
the insect identified, and then you can match
up the control method once you’ve got it identified. So again, bring those samples
into your county extension office, and we can
get those identified so that you can get
some control and get a good bountiful
harvest off your garden. [MUSIC PLAYING]

5 thoughts on “How To Identify And Control Garden Pests On Squash And Beans

  1. thanks so much.  this is great info.  i would appreciate it if you provide me with tips on what organic insecticide we should use

  2. I think if you use an insecticide with Spinosad, AT THE END OF THE DAY WHEN BENEFICIAL INSECTS ARE GONE, this might take care of the problem.

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