Defining Zoocentrism with Alison Hanlon — ASI’s Defining Human-Animal Studies 36


[Music] hello my name is Alison Hamlin I’m an
associate professor at the UCD School of Veterinary Medicine in Ireland and I’ve
been asked to define zoocentrism zoocentrism comes from the Greek words for
animal zoo and central central coast and it relates to ethical values that focus
on animal interests the Oxford English Dictionary defines the zoocentric as
centered upon the animal world regarding or treating the animal kingdom as a
central fact whilst animals are central to zoocentric philosophies humans may
also be considered as part of the moral community zoocentrism emerged from the
social justice movement in the late 18th century such as the abolition of human
slavery and the suffragette movement a growing awareness and concern for
animals resulted in the establishment of animal protection organizations such as
the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in England which
after royal decree became the RSPCA in 1824 and it continues to be a leading
organization today the focus of the animal protection movement evolved to
reflect societal concern for example public disquiet regarding the use of
animals for medical research resulted in the formation of
anti-vivisection societies in the UK in 1875 by the following year the Cruelty
to Animals Act was published the first law in the UK to regulate animal
experimentation the second wave of societal concern for the treatment of
animals occurred in the 1960s with the publication of Ruth Harrison’s book
animal machines which raised awareness of intensive livestock production it
sparked a series of events leading to the UK government’s red bull report
recommending that farm animals should have five freedoms which initially
focused on the spatial allowance of animals a revised version of the five
freedoms remains in use today and is applied across a variety of animal
sectors the societal concern triggered by Harrison’s book also catalyzed the
development of modern zoo centric philosophy such as singers advocacy of
treating equal interests equally until Regan’s animal rights doctrine amongst
others it also signals the emergence of animal welfare science under IQ Latorre
reform today the focus of regulations on animal welfare in the European Union and
other countries has evolved and is evolving to reflect scientific evidence
on animals needs to conclude zoo centrism recognises animals as a central
part of the moral community it emerged from the social justice movement in the
late 18th century and following the second wave of concern
in the 1960s as if off to create modern zoo centric ethical theories under
animal welfare science [Music]

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