Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear | Wikipedia audio article



chemical biological radiological and nuclear defense CBR and defense or CBR and E defense is protective measures taken in situations in which chemical biological radiological or nuclear warfare including terrorism hazards may be present CBR and defense consists of CBR and passive protection contamination avoidance and CBR and mitigation a CBR and incident differs from a hazardous material incident in both scope ie CBRN can be a mass casualty situation and intent CBR and incidents are responded to under the assumption that they are intentional and malicious evidence preservation and perpetrator apprehension are of greater concern than with hazmat incidents a 2011 forecast concluded that worldwide government spending on CBR and defense products and services would reach eight point three eight billion dollars that year topic etymology in English the term CBRN as a replacement for the Cold War term NBC nuclear biological and chemical which had replaced the term ABC atomic biological and chemical that was used in the 50s the addition of the R for radiological is a consequence of the new threat of a radiological weapon also known as dirty bombs in the new millennium the term CBR and E was introduced as an extension of CBRN the E in this term representing the enhanced improvised explosives threat in Spanish the term and rbq nuclear radiological bacteriological Wicomico has replaced nbq topic by country or region you topic Argentina the Argentine Armed Forces has the battalion de ingenieros qbn 601 of the Argentine army was the first CR BN response team created in the 1990s as a part of the country's rapid deployment force the policia federal Argentine have the brigde RI es gos the specialis bre this unit as the only National Response for CBRN hazmat incidents also has a three units called riesgo quemic o YB iolo GI co riesgo ra d iolo GI co y nuclear and the tactical response unit called protección q BN r topic Brazil Brazilian firefighters are trained for NBC situations due to the 2016 Summer Olympics police forces like the gate from Minas Gerais the Federal Police and the National Public Security Force are being prepared to in the military area there is CBR and equipment and personnel by all the Armed Forces the Brazilian Army has two specific teams the first chemical biological radiological and nuclear defense battalion which is based at Rio de Janeiro and is responsible by decontaminating military equipment weapon and personnel and the chemical biological radiological and nuclear defense company based at goiânia and part of the Brazilian Special Operations Command that makes the decontamination and defense in CBR and situations the Brazilian Presidential Guard and army police also have CBRN units the Brazilian Marine Corps has the cdef nbq our nuclear biological chemical and Radiological defense center that controls the AR am AR nuclear biological chemical and Radiological defense battalion a type aro so Paolo conceived to provide the physical security and to perform CBRN emergencies control actions at the Centro experimental erimar responsible for developing Brazilian Navy nuclear researches the IDA guai nuclear biological chemical and Radiological defense battalion at idag y rio de janeiro where it's going to be hosted the first Brazilian Navy nuclear-powered submarine and the nuclear biological chemical and Radiological defense company at Duque de Caxias rio de janeiro the air force is making special teams for transporting victims from CBR and attacks accidents topic Canada you the term CBRN is in common use in disaster and emergency services organizations across the country since July 2005 the Canadian Armed Forces also started using the term CBR and defense instead of NBC defense due to the increased threat of dirty bomb use which is radiological in nature CBRN II as a new term that is being used in both civilian and military organizations the Canadian Joint Incident Response Unit as a Canadian Forces unit under the direction of the Canadian Special Operations Forces Command charged with supporting the Government of Canada in order to prevent control and mitigate CBR and threats to Canada Canadians and Canadian interests all members of the Canadian Armed Forces are trained in CBR and defense and maintain minimum standards tested at least every three years at the provincial level cities are provided opportunities for their emergency services with CBR and training in Ontario emergency services in Windsor Peterborough Toronto and Ottawa have obtained CBRN standing at NFPA standard 472 awareness level 3 topic European Union in mid-july 2016 the European Parliament negotiated a new draft counterterrorism directive aimed at protecting Europe's people from biological chemical and other attacks the timeline of the directive as illustrated in the following table the directive would criminalize certain acts related to preparing for a terrorist attack such as traveling abroad to meet with a terrorist group training to make explosives firearms and other dangerous substances public incitement or praise for terrorism and financing of terrorism the directive also includes texts to help victims of terror attacks topic Hongkong you Hong Kong has had the CBR and response capabilities since the early 1990s and advanced training from 1998 the standing CBR and planning group known as the SRP G plans for all CBR and incidents in Hong Kong the SRP G was set up with the support of the secretary for security by the senior bomb disposal officer in Hong Kong Dominic Britain it consists of representatives from nine government departments who plan the response to CBR and threats these departments include police Zod Fire Services the hospital authority and the Department of Health amongst others the operational arm of the SRP G as the CBR an incident advisory group RI AG who form up in the initial stages of a CBR and incident using telephone conferencing RI AG consists of five experts who assist with the technical response to the incident by providing real-time advice and support to the departments involved the Hong Kong capability is well rehearsed with regular departmental exercises conducted and a full-scale CBR and exercise conducted every year topic India the Indian Army ordered 16 CBR and monitoring vehicles of which the first 8 were inducted in December 2010 it was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation DRDO and manufactured by ordnance factories board topic Indonesia you you topic army the Indonesian army has a CBR and defense unit which is the compas any nuclear biology dan Kimia abbreviated compiz any newbie cadet ctni ad translated as army engineers nuclear biological and chemical company the unit was founded on the 22nd of April 1986 under the command of the Indonesian army engineering Directorate the unit is also under cooperation with the Ministry of Health Indonesian nuclear power regulator agency vert aligner research agency and national nuclear power agency this unit as the one and only unit that can handle CBR and defense capability within the military topic police the Indonesian National Police special unit known as the mobile Brigade Corps aka brim up has a CBR unit which is under the gegen a detachment it was formed on December 2009 topic Republic of Ireland the Irish Defence Forces have CBR and E training and equipment capabilities in particular the Ordnance Corps explosive ordnance disposal Zod teams engineer Corps and Army Ranger wing arw and will aid the civil authority if requested the Irish Army runs CBR and a defense courses and has detection equipment decontamination equipment and is reported to have purchased 10,000 protective CBRN NBC suits enough for all of its personnel all army reserve personnel undergo CBR and warfare defense training the Irish National Police Force the Garda shoshanna has a number of nationwide CBR and Response Teams the teams are based regionally in six regions Dublin eastern northern southern southeastern and western and began operating from 2004 with 100 trained officers 170 responders trained throughout the country as of 2009 there is a requirement for members to be recertified within 18 months of training CBR and response teams are trained by the Garda tactical training unit and supported nationally by the Emergency Response Unit ERU other emergency services also have limited CBR and expertise such as the Health Service Executive HSE and Dublin Fire Brigade DFB who have a hazardous material hazmat and chemical incident unit topic Malaysia the malaysian army formed a CBRN unit pepper angin nuclear biology dan Kimia three division English chemical biological and nuclear warfare division 3p + BK 3d in April 2002 the Royal Malaysia police has CBR and providers the pasukan gerakan khas PG k has two Special Operations detachments with hazmat expertise 69 commandos and special actions unit the federal reserve unit FRU also has a CBRN unit both pgk and FRU teams handle CBRN calls before an army PN BK unit responds you topic Spain the Spanish army first CBRN regiment Valencia was formed in March 2005 training in the defense against CBR and agents as part of combat support as the main aim of exercise Griffo griffin the most important of this type that the army undertakes the National Police and the Spanish Civil Guard have their own CBRN units the military emergencies unit and emergency services have CBR and training topic united kingdom CBRN is also used by the UK home office as a civil designation police fire and ambulance services in the UK must all have some level of CBR and providers within the ambulance service this is performed by the hazardous area response team heart and special operations response team sort since the introduction of new equipment to UK Fire Services under the new dimension programme CBR and decontamination of personnel including members of the public has become a task carried out by fire services in the UK and they regularly train for such scenarios you topic United States you the United States Army uses CBRN as an abbreviation for their chemical biological radiological and nuclear operations specialists MOS the United States Army trains all US Army soldiers pursuing a career in CBR and at the United States Army CBR and school USA CBR and s at Fort Leonard Wood the USAF uses Air Force specialty code AFSC 3e9 x1 US Air Force emergency management who are also CBR and specialists the USAF trains all us Airmen pursuing a career encounter CBR and operations at the USAF CBR and school at Fort Leonard Wood the USMC uses CBRN as an abbreviation for two military occupational specialties the Marine Corps runs a CBRN school to Train marine CBR and defense officers and marine CBR and defense specialists at Fort Leonard Wood Missouri see also chemical biological Incident Response Force USMC cbi RF the u.s. n requires all personnel to take a web-based CBR and e training annually to get a basic understanding of facts and procedures related to responding to a cbrne incident according to DePaul University College of Law Professor Barry Kalman who has spent 25 years researching how to control and get rid of chemical biological nuclear and conventional weapons bio threats against the US are a real concern the primary concern regarding biodefense as weather the trump administration's assaults on public health funding and on scientific research are undermining the u.s. medical response to something breaking out on a large scale be it natural like another type of SARS or an intentional bio attack Hellman said in an interview in January 2018 kelman as among the world's foremost legal authorities on the chemical weapons can mention CWC an arms control treaty that targets the elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction WMD topic the Russian Federation the nuclear biological and chemical protection troops NBC protection troops of the Russian Federation are special forces designed to conduct the most complex set of measures aimed at reducing the loss of associations and formations of the ground forces and ensuring their combat tasks assigned during operations in conditions of radioactive chemical and biological contamination as well as at enhancing their survivability and protection against high-precision and other weapons the Russian government vaccinated around half-a-million reindeer against anthrax in 2015 around 1.5 million reindeer carcasses in Russian permafrost are at risk of melting due to global warming in the Arctic there is a risk that global warming in the Arctic can thaw the permafrost leading to new infections in reindeer an anthrax outbreak in 2016 in reindeer caused the Russian armed forces to evacuate a nomadic reindeer herding tribe in May 2012 bio prep watch reported that the Russian Security Service ordered over 100 capsule cradles which are devices that people can use to protect infants or even small pets in the event of a nuclear chemical biological or radiological threat according to the article Soviet military engineers invented the capsules in the 1960s a company is currently producing the capsules in a factory in Russia you topic CBRN products numbers vary but news reports and market forecasts reports place the market for CR BN products in 2013 and 2014 between 8 dollars and 70 cents – 8.8 billion the market for CBR and products as expected to grow to over 13 billion dollars by the year 2023 CBR and manufacturers include an SEL argon electronics bio fire defence Blucher GmbH Brooker FLIR Systems is Kye X HD T global MSA / e Research International flour manufacturing co inc and TSI Ansell is a manufacturer of personal protective equipment who carry a range of gas and liquid tight suits argon electronics makes a CBR and detection simulator that personnel can use in training exercises bio fire defense makes PCR instruments capable of identifying dozens of bio threats and emerging pathogens with minimal sample preparation Blucher GmbH produces a two-piece CBR and protective suit that gives first responders 24-hour protection against environmental threats Brooker produces ion mobility spectrometry for military and security personnel that seperates identifies and analyzes ionized molecules present in gas FLIR Systems produces several handheld detection equipment devices each for chemical radiation biological and explosives detection hdt global produces an air filtration system that government forces can install in buildings ships and vehicles to remove CBRN threats from the air is Kye X produces unmanned aerial systems UAS as a response to CBR and threats or incidents MSA produces respirators with a hood that filters CBR and particles for use by personnel responding to a terrorist incident overi develops and manufactures CBRN personal protective equipment PPE and an emergency decontamination mid-deck Paul research international creates a sensor system for subways and other public areas that uses multi sensor surveillance technology that detects the presence of CBR and particles TSI makes a product that collects CBR and environmental samples to identify and confirm threats blower manufacturing Co Inc manufactures several CBR and suits including a ruggedized version for austere environments OPEC CBR and E limited designs and produces a range of CBR and protective ensembles from lightweight evade suits to heavyweight operational suits Ultra Electronics Limited develops and manufactures radiation detection systems for land and naval applications topic see also poison gas in World War one n-b-c suit hazmat suit biological and chemical defense review committee Canada

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