Australian Animal Welfare – Land Transport of Livestock


The Australian Animal Welfare Standards
for the Land Transport of Livestock Are being implemented in every state and territory This short film will help you understand
What’s required in order to comply with them The film covers those standards which relate to Handling livestock correctly during the transport process The Dos and the Don’ts The use of electric prodders And the minimum requirements for livestock vehicles and facilities That means yards, ramps and raceways Codes of Practice help us to determine what should be done To ensure good animal welfare outcomes Standards are written into your state legislation as a MUST And are enforceable by law The standards are relevant for anyone who is Mustering
Or processing livestock in yards prior to transport Loading them onto vehicles and transporting them Or receiving them at a destination Everybody is required to be competent to do their job
And handle animals correctly We are now going to look at some standards
Which apply to handling animals during transport The standards make it mandatory
That the vehicles and facilities that we use Are built, maintained and used in a way
That minimises the risk to livestock So, the vehicle or facilities that you use
Must be appropriate to contain the species Here, a horse is being loaded into a purpose-built truck
No Problems! But what if you tried to process cattle in these yards? If the animals can’t be contained properly
Then alternative arrangements must be made When considering the vehicle there must
also be enough vertical clearance to minimise the risk of injury Check the standards and guidelines As some species have spefic requirements
Such as horses and camels for vertical clearance Flooring must minimise the likelihood of injury Such as this break in the flooring of the truck
Which poses a danger if the animals got their feet stuck Flooring must also minimise the likelihood of
Slipping or falling Such as the smooth concrete here where some sheep slip on contact As opposed to this surface
Where cattle are unloaded and don’t slip If you’re using yards or vehicles
Where livestock regularly slip or fall Consider ways in which you could modify the flooring
Such as putting down wood shavings or replacing flooring materials Vehicles and handling facilities must be free
From internal protrusions and objects that could cause injury Any risks to livestock from things they come in contact with From this gap in the side gates which allows the sheep’s legs
To slip through To this jagged piece of metal in the sheep crate
Which could injure sheep are not permitted Careful inspection of vehicles, ramps and yards Prior to preparing animals for transport
Should identify potential hazards Good maintenance on all yards regardless of their age
Is important Remember, putting animals at risk while failing
To manage vehicles or facilities Is a breach of these standards
And penalties may apply It’s the driver’s responsibility to make sure
That the vehicle is backed up to the ramp properly So as the gap is narrow enough that livestock
Will not slip down it Or get their feet caught during loading or unloading The standards state that animals must be handled
In a way that minimises pain or injury There are some specific actions which are now prohibited With the exception of poultry you must not lift livestock
only by the head, ears, horns, neck, tail, wool, hair or feathers Adult livestock must not be lifted by a single leg And no animal can be thrown or dropped Livestock must not be struck in an unreasonable manner
Or punched or kicked The use of the electric prodder
Is strictly governed by these standards It is prohibited to use the prodder at all
On Alpaca, Horses, Emu or Ostrich All other animals have restrictions for the use of the prodder Prodders may not be applied to the
Genital, anal or facial areas of any animal They may not be used on any animal under 3 months old Or on any animal which is unable to move away Or excessively on any animal Additional restrictions apply to the use of the prodder on
Buffalo, Camel, Deer, Goats and Pigs Check the standards to see what is and is not
Permitted when using a prodder for these species So, how can you make sure that you comply with the standards
And handle livestock correctly? Firstly, ensure that everyone who handles
Livestock during the transport process Is familiar with the requirements of these standards Secondly, Training and developing skills
So that livestock are handled appropriately Is well worth considering to ensure good animal welfare outcomes Thirdly, make sure your facilities and vehicles are appropriate
To the species you are handling and well maintained For more help and advice on the standards relating to handling livestock
See www.livestockwelfarestandards.net.au Or contact your state or territory regulator for animal welfare

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