8 PARTS OF SPEECH – Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb Etc. Basic English Grammar – with Examples



hi and welcome to this series of lessons on the parts of speech my name is Ganesh and in this first lesson I'm going to give you a quick introduction to the eight parts of speech in the following lessons we'll learn more in detail about each part of speech now before we start just remember if you have any questions at all you just have to let me know in the comment section below and I will talk to you there okay so first of all what is a part of speech well a part of speech is just the name given to a word based on the job that it does in a sentence think of parts of speech as being kind of like job titles just like a person can be a teacher or a doctor or a lawyer a word can be a verb an adjective a noun etc depending on the job that it does in a sentence and these can be really useful to learn because when you're studying grammar you will come across terms like these you will come across terms like nouns verbs and adjectives and if you know what they mean it can help you to speed up your study of grammar alright so how many parts of speech are there there are eight parts of speech and we start by talking about the verb we start with the verb because verbs are probably the most important words in the English language and that is for two reasons first every sentence in English must have a verb you cannot have sentences without verbs in English and the second reason is that only verbs have tenses now I'm sure you know about past tense present tense and future tense that's how we talk about different times and to do that we change the forms of verbs so verbs are really important now what does a verb do well a verb is a word that shows an action or a state state means a situation for example in the sentence Dylan plays tennis three times a week in the sentence the verb is play because that's the action we're saying plays because for he she and it we say plays we add the S to the verb in the present tense so Dylan plays in this next sentence I am a teacher can you tell me which is the verb the verb is am that's basically just the verb be or to be but we say I am you are he is etc so I am a teacher now I want you to notice a very important difference between these two sentences notice that in the first sentence we are talking about a physical action because playing is something that we do physically but in the second sentence we are not talking about any physical action we're just saying I am a teacher we call that a state that means a situation so verbs can show actions or they can show states or situations those are the two types of verbs okay the next part of speech is the noun a noun is the name given to a person place animal thing feeling or idea for example here's a sentence with a lot of nouns Rosie went to Malta on vacation with her family last year can you identify all the nouns in this sentence well the first noun is Rosie it's the name of a person the second noun is Malta Malta is the name of a place it's actually a beautiful small little island country in Europe here's a Malta is a place the next now is vacation vacation is the name given to a type of trip that people take and the noun after that is family what's a family family is a group of people who are related mothers fathers sons daughters brothers sisters etc and the last noun in the sentence is year a year is just 365 days or the time that it takes the earth to go around the Sun now of course nouns can also be animals like dogs or cats or a noun could be a thing like watch pen t-shirt etc or it could be a feeling such as love or anger those are all nouns what's a pronoun though well a pronoun is a word that replaces a noun replaces means it takes the place of a noun but you might ask why should a pronoun do that well take a look at this sentence Melvin is at the movies with Melvin's girlfriend Melvin really enjoys spending time with Melvin's girlfriend now of course that sounds really stupid and that is because can you tell me why can you tell me what the problem is in that sentence well the problem is that we keep repeating Melvin and Melvin's girlfriend and that is very unnatural we don't talk like that and to avoid that kind of repetition we can use pronouns so can you tell me where you would use pronouns and those two sentences or we can say Melvin is at the movies with his girlfriend he really enjoys spending time with her there are three pronouns there his he and her did you get all of those okay now I want you to notice that the pronoun he is in the subject position he is the subject of the verb enjoy who enjoys he enjoys and the pronoun her is in the object position now to replace a noun in the subject position like Melvin for example we use what are called subject pronouns these are I you we they he she and it and to replace a noun in the object position can you guess what we use we use object pronouns those are me you us them him her and it now there are other pronouns in English such as his hers this that etc but we will talk about them in more detail when we come to the lesson on pronouns for now just remember that the pronoun replaces a noun to avoid repetition and to make our speech sound more natural okay the next part of speech is the adjective an adjective is a word that gives us information about a noun or a pronoun have a look at this sentence they drive an amazing big red sports car here the noun that we are interested in is car so can you identify all the adjectives that give information about car well if you said amazing big red and sports you are correct because all of those are adjectives and if you look at them closely you will realize that these give us answers to questions like what color what size what type etc the adjective amazing gives us the answer to the question what is your opinion of the car now if you ask me what's your opinion of the car I would tell you it's amazing what size is the car it's big what's the color it's red and what type of car is it it's a sports car okay now that's all great but I don't know if you noticed there's actually one more adjective in this sentence and that is the word an now the words a and and the are called articles in English and articles are also adjectives because they give us information about the nouns that come after them in this sentence for example we know that they drive one car we know that because we said an amazing big red sports car so remember that adjectives give us information about nouns and pronouns and answer questions like what type what color what size etc okay but what are adverbs now when I learn grammar in school I was taught that adjectives give information about nouns and adverbs give information about verbs and in fact a lot of teachers still teach it that way but the thing is that's only half correct because an adverb can give information about a verb but it can also give information about an adjective or even another adverb so these are really talented words you see they can do a lot of things and adverbs usually answer questions like when why how in what way etc let me show you a sentence so you can see all the different things that adverbs can do yesterday evening we walked somewhat slowly in a very beautiful garden in this sentence the first adverb is yesterday evening that shows us when the action happened the action here is walk that's the verb there's another adjective adverb slowly and that shows us how the action happened how did we walk we walked slowly so both yesterday evening and slowly tell us about the verb walk but notice that you can further ask how slowly did we walk did we walk very slowly or a little slowly the answer is somewhat slowly somewhat means something like a little now notice that somewhat is actually giving us information about slowly how slowly somewhat slowly so that's an adverb that gives information about another adverb and there's yet another one very that adverb is giving us information about beautiful beautiful is an adjective okay so you see all the different kinds of things that adverbs can do alright the next type the next part of speech is the preposition prepositions are words like in on at by from with before and after and these words help us to show relationships in time place and position for example here's a common thing that we say to people that we know a lot I'll see you at the office on Monday there are two prepositions in this sentence can you say which those are the prepositions are at and on the first preposition at shows us the place we're at the office and the second preposition on shows us the time when on Monday so that's what prepositions do they help us to show relationships in time place and position now students sometimes confuse prepositions with conjunctions but these are very different conjunctions are words like an but or so and because and they help to connect ideas for example in the sentence Clara and Jasmine are best friends can you say which the conjunction is the conjunction is end and it helps to connect Clara and Jasmine both of which are nouns but conjunctions can even connect sentences for example I didn't go to school today because I don't feel very well here there are two sentences we call them clauses the second clause I don't feel very well is the reason and the first Clause I didn't go to school today is the result the conjunction here is because and it shows us this reason and result relationship notice that we can also say I don't feel very well today so I didn't go to school in that case the conjunction would be so all right the last part of speech that we will look at is the interjection introductions are words that have no real meaning but they help us to show sudden emotion or exclamation for example the interjection Wow shows excitement surprise or amazement the interjection ah shows frustration or anger like if I'm trying to open a jar of cookies or a jar of pickles can't open it I might say ah I just can't do it that shows I'm angry I'm frustrated some other common intersections are ouch oops Hey and hi these last two words are used when we meet someone or when we want to call out to someone for example and say hi how are you or hey John over here look I'm standing over here so I want to call out to John okay all right so those are the eight parts of speech let's do a quick recap of what we learned today we started with the verb the verb is a word that shows an action or a state state means situation a noun is a person place animal thing feeling or idea a pronoun replaces a noun and we use pronouns so that our speech is not repetitive and more natural adjectives are words that give us information about nouns or pronouns and they answer questions like what kind how many what color what size etc adverbs give us information about verbs or adjectives or even other adverbs prepositions are words that help us to show relationships in time place or position conjunctions are words like and but because etc and they help us to connect ideas those can be nouns or they can even be verbs and even whole sentences so you can connect any two ideas using conjunctions and finally interjections are words with no real meaning and they help us to show exclamation or sudden emotion just remember that these are used less commonly in speech and more commonly partly they're used more commonly in speech and not so much in writing when we write them we usually put an exclamation mark all right so I hope you enjoyed this lesson remember to subscribe to this channel and I'll see you in the next lesson

48 thoughts on “8 PARTS OF SPEECH – Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb Etc. Basic English Grammar – with Examples

  1. Hey there, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Let me know if you have any questions. Also check out:
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    ➜ All MODAL VERBS Lessons (Could, Would, Should, May, Might, Must etc.): https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmwr9polMHwvGTssgSU9KWEm2T4WiWaTj
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  2. I feel like grammar is endless in English? . Thank you very much your channel is one of the greatest in YouTube.

  3. What's the difference between
    is/are/were and have/has/had
    How to select them… For past,
    Please give simple and understandable explanation

  4. Sir. You are really clever and the u are teaching is amazing really. You helped me to understand alot keep going sir?

  5. you are a great teacher.. i subscribed ur channel and also follow your every video.. i've some questions in active passive. plz reply

  6. Hi "Ali loves living in Karachi" I want to know the state of word living which part of speech is this
    Thanks

  7. Tq, Vry much sir for an excellent explanation, Pls do video on phonics and phonetics and also the usage of it. Awaiting ur video.

  8. Thank you for everything you have been doing for us ,your lessons are always useful and interesting ones, but I need help to pass my esl accuplcer test ,could you please help ???

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